Ovaries are the female gonads that are located on the lower abdomen on either side of the uterus. The main function of the almond-shaped ovaries is to produce mature ova or eggs every month during the childbearing years. They also produce female hormones called progesterone and estrogen. What are these cysts that we keep hearing about so often these days?
Sometimes, a sac which is filled with fluid can develop within the ovary and most of the times are painless and symptomless but some can create many complications too if they rupture. Many women have cysts in their ovaries at some point in time or the other which does not bother them much. Many cysts disappear on their own without any form of treatment over a period of time.
Once the cyst starts growing in size the symptoms become more prominent and are as follows:
- Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- Abdominal swelling or bloating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain during intercourse
- Pain which radiates from the lower back to thighs
- Bowel movements that are painful
- Tender breasts
When more severe symptoms of ovarian cysts like rapid breathing, sharp pelvic pain and fever appear, it requires immediate medical treatment.
The most common types of cysts are the functional cysts and they are of two types-
- Follicle cyst- A follicle is a sac-like covering inside which the eggs grow and mature. These follicles, in turn, are located inside the ovaries. Once the egg is mature, it breaks open to release the egg. Just in case, this follicle does not break open, the fluid inside the follicle leads to a cyst formation. These follicles, in turn, are located inside the ovaries,
- Corpus luteum cysts- After releasing the ova or the egg, follicle sacs dissolve on their own. In case, it does not dissolve and the opening of the follicle is sealed, an additional fluid build up can take place forming this type of cyst.
Other types of cysts are cystadenomas, dermoid cysts and endometriomas. The major complication of having ovarian cysts is that they can become cancerous after a woman reaches menopause. Large untreated cysts can also cause a condition called ovarian torsion in which the ovary can twist in a very painful way. When a cyst ruptures, it can lead to severe bleeding accompanied by unbearable pain.
Curcumin has the ability to dissolve these cysts owing to its anti-inflammatory property. Moreover, the antioxidant action of curcumin can prevent the formation of malignant cancer cells from cysts. Take Oncomin from Bagdara Farms to beat ovarian cancer.