Rice is a rich source of carbohydrates and helps in normal functioning of the brain. It also has small amounts of protein and at the same time, virtually no fat. White rice constitutes about 90 percent carbohydrates, 8 percent protein and 2 percent fat which facilitate the functioning and metabolic activity of all the organs in our body thereby increasing the energy levels. Rice also serves as a good source of B vitamin, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, fiber and iron.
Few facts pertaining to rice are as brought out below:
By virtue of not containing any gluten, rice does not cause inflammation in the gut. This implies that rice can be included in the diets and especially of those people who suffer from celiac disease.
Resistant starch stimulates the growth of useful bacteria that helps in normal bowel movements as it reaches the bowels in an undigested form. Rice is a rich source of this and by virtue of being insoluble; this starch is extremely useful in curtailing the effects of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) as well as diarrhea.
If we count carbohydrates for diabetes or a reduced-carbohydrate diet, the one important point to be kept in mind is to manage the portion of rice which is to be consumed. It is pertinent to mention that meals which constitute healthy proteins and fats can also help in slowing down the impact of rice on blood sugar levels.
Rice is considered to be an effective food for people suffering from hypertension. Since it is inherently low in sodium, is cholesterol free and contains minuscule traces of fat with no saturated or trans fats, it is considered to be an inevitable part of any diet.
Both, rice and wheat chapattis, are similar in their carbohydrates level. However, to satiate the hunger, one tends to consume more rice as it is light to eat thereby consuming more calories as compared to wheat chapattis. What is thus significant to keep in mind, is the proportion of intake of each.
Rice has bran layers that are rich in minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. These get removed during the ‘milling’ process. Thus, coating the rice with turmeric is one sure way to improve its antioxidant effect.
Rice bran oil, which is produced from rice, is well known to have anti oxidant properties. This greatly facilitates reduction in cholesterol levels thereby promoting cardiovascular strength.
Intake of rice has a neutral effect. But its effect on health (positive or negative), depends on the overall diet. It can prove to be fattening if eaten with an unhealthy and imbalanced diet and on the other hand, can induce weight loss if consumed with a healthy and well-balanced diet.